The port of Tianjin, the largest port in Northern China

11 April 2019

The Port of Tianjin, formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, is the largest port in Northern China and the main maritime gateway to Beijing. The name "Tianjin Xingang”, which strictly speaking refers only to the main seaport area, is sometimes used to refer to the whole port. The port is on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centered on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km southeast of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. As our reporter has also got a chance to explore it in his media field trip to China, he did a report in which summaries the detail of the port.

The port is on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centered on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km southeast of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. It is the largest man-made port in mainland China, and one of the largest in the world. Firstly, let’s hear out more about this from our guide, "This is the map of the Tianjin port, this is the main water route, the height of it is about 22 meters, about thirty thousand ships can fit in the route, and this is the southern part of the port, in this part things like liquid merchandise such as lubricants and fuels will be imported. Moreover, small and flexible things will also be imported through this port."

Tianjin Port handled 500 million tons of cargo and 13 million TEU of containers in 2013, making it the world's fourth largest port by throughput tonnage and the ninth in container throughput. The port trades with more than 600 ports in 180 countries and territories around the world. But when was it all started and where was it started at first, "And this is the northern part of the port, this port is the oldest one in which Tianjin Jedi was initiated, as we all know now that it grows tremendously from there to here which is the eastern part. The main purpose for northern part of the port is just for the storage of containers, food supplies and etc. The place we are in now is the eastern part, which has the square meter of 30."

Tianjin port is one of the most advanced and multipurpose port of all time, and it’s one of a kind services are actually pretty interesting, without any further ado, let’s find out what are those, "So, this part is the main and the most important part of the Tianjin Sea port, we can see a part of 10 square meter in which the goods transport from the containers. Furthermore, goods can also be packed and checked my customs here, so it’s like everything can be done in one part of the port. And that area is the port in which the biggest ships of the world can be anchored."

As we were exploring around the port, I have also saw the rails in which trains has been transporting goods from here and there. That is actually a great thought in when the port area sector becomes really big and the rail makes it convenient and all, lets dive in deep about it, "Now, we can also see the train rails in which the government of china implies for to be convenient in taking goods here and there inside the port. And which we can see now is the international port site, which is the collaboration of one of Singapore's company and Tianjin port. Singapore holds about 49% of sharing and Tianjin port holds about 51% of the sharing."

Now let’s hear about the summary of the deep-sea port from our guide, "The port is about sixteen meters deep, that is why the biggest ship in the world can be anchored. If the ship were to enter the port, there will be 18 entrances and for the exit there are about 12 gates."

In the field trip, U Aung Shin who is an editor as well as the secretary of the NLD party’s Headquarters' Information committee, as he got some experience in last few years' field trip, I have also interviewed him for his experiences and differences between past few years and this present field trip, "My name is U Aung Shin (Mone ywar aung shin), I'm the editor, NLD Party's Headquarters, Information committee’s secretary. The media field trip in which we came here to china last year and this year is pretty different. Last time we have just yet to explore about small sector, but this time we get to explore about the diverse systems and important sectors which in my perspective is really a great opportunity."

Moreover, I have also asked him about for his perspective in Tianjin city and the sea port of course, for what will be it about.

"My favorite part of Tianjin is about its exporting quality of goods, and of course about its deep-sea port which is also one of the most important part of china. But the reason why my favorite part is exporting merchandise is that, it can be worldwide and the business can be really profitable in international level."

General knowledge time

The coastal area of Tianjin municipality before development was dominated by mudflats, salt marshes (and salterns), and coastal shallows. This littoral zone is wide and slopes gently: The 0 m isobath (the intertidal flats) extends to 3–8 km from shore at a slope of 0.71–1.28%, the −5 m isobath extends 14–18 km from shore, and the −10 m isobath reaches 22–36 km from shore. These features make deep water navigation dependent on extensive dredging, and it means that land reclamation is a cost-effective option for construction. Tianjin Port is by necessity largely man-made through dredging and reclamation.