21 May 2020
Within the last 24 hours, southwest wind has entered the south of Myanmar, the Andaman Sea and the south of the Bay of Bengal. Amphan, happening in the western part of Bay of Bengal and its related part of the middle west has turned into extremely powerful cyclonic storm and has moved on northeast and northern part of it. Amphan is moving toward to the sea where about 260 nautical miles west of the city of Maungdaw ,285 nautical miles west of Sittwe in Myanmar.
According to the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), Amphan is ranked as the yellow level because there is no moving condition towards Myanmar. So in effect of extremely powerful cyclonic storm, monsoon has entered the south of Myanmar, the Andaman Sea and the south of Bay of Bengal within the last 48 hours.
Dr. Kyaw Moe Oo, Director General, Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), “It is likely that the monsoon is likely to be intensified by the storm. Monsoon has started entering the southern part of Myanmar. The whole southern part is expected to enter within two days. We have estimated that the delta area is to be between 22 and 27 May, 28 May to 2 June in middle part and 3 to 8 June in northern part of Myanmar.
Comparing to last year, the monsoon is not late significantly. This year, the storm has become as soon as the monsoon enters. The patterns of rainfalls are no longer in the regular and accurate condition. The rainy days are reduced but the rainfalls do not decrease. The risk of the floods and landslide is really as the heavy rains in a short period of time. These are the effects of climate change. The monsoon can leave across the country as early as October. It is expected to begin in the mid-September from the northern part of Myanmar. Just after the beginning of October, the monsoon is expected to withdraw from the whole country.”
There is a heavy rainfall in Sagaing Region, Mandalay Region, Magway Region and Yangon Region, Ayeyawady Region, Chin State as well as Rakhine State. Nay Pyi Taw, Bago Region. Taninthayi Region, Chin States, Kayin State and Mon State are facing widespread rainfalls and winds while Shan State and Kayah State are at fairly wide spread rainfall and wind within 20 and 21 May according to the DMH. The storm’s current movement is 14 miles per hour.
Daw Daewi Thant Zin, Environmental Activist After the late 19th and 20th Century, the storms had continuously occurred in almost every country not just Southeast Asia and Europe. All these disasters like storms, floods, earthquakes, snowfalls and tornadoes are also quite severe. Some of them are really extreme as we’ve never experienced before. The natural disasters are even more serious when people can’t control over extreme industrial development. In Myanmar, essential knowledge of natural disasters has increased in the wake of Cyclone Nargis.
Phyo Thi, Min Tun (Oakkyin) and Zwe Mahn