14 August 2019
The 2nd time Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 13th Regular Session, 11th Day took place in Naypyitaw on August 13th, 2019. Following the session, Pyidaugsu Hluttaw discussed the report of National Education Policy Commission that was conducted from 10 October 2018 to 9 April 2019.
U Kyaw Myint Oo, Mandalay Region Constituency (10), talked about the background history of National Education Policy reform.
“I am really delighted that the National Education Policy Reform Commission is working hard for the education reform in Myanmar. I am happy that the budget for education has increased to 50% in 2019, compared to the year of 2014’s budget. We welcome the education reform strategy for 2016- 2021, despite the challenges. This project will implement the new curriculum for the students, which will boost student’s creativity, will teach students well-rounded persons, the students will learn how to take care of the environments and the earth and they will become a citizen who can contribute to the country. As you all know, our country was left behind due to the weak of proper education. As a result, we could not think critically and reasonably. The habit of differentiating what is right and what is wrong is getting weak.”
“The fear is bigger in each individual. Apart from what being taught, they would not be able to think outside of box and their creativity skill is gone. Believing what they know is always right and they do not know how to live with groups. So, we had spent our times with arguments and the country was left behind.”
Myanmar has been doing the educational reform process. The significant reform process started in 2016. In 2016, the educational reform for Kindergarten was conducted. In 2017, Grade- 1 educational reform was conducted and in 2018, Grade-2 educational reform was conducted. In 2019, educational reform for Grade- 3 and Grade-6 was carried out.
In the report conducted by Myanmar Education Policy Commission mentioned that there is a problem that less students in some schools and more students in some schools but there is a shortage of teachers in most of the schools.
With response to it, U Myint Lwin, Twantay Constituency discussed that the corruption cases should be carefully tackled to overcome the problem.
“With my own experience, I went to Zalun and I worked as a teacher for the high school in 1987. A group of students from there had to walk for about 6 miles to go to school and had to walk for about 6 miles to back home. At the same year, they all failed the matriculation exam. But nowadays, that kind of cases is getting less. Especially, starting from 2010, the educational budget has increased and there are fewer cases. So, we have to utilize the budget in an effective way without any corruption, so that we can achieve our goal.”
U Kyaw Myint Oo suggested that when we are doing the report, instead of going to the schools randomly, we have to go to all the states and regions and do in-depth survey for the report.
“As a suggestion, when we go to the basic education schools for report, we should not go to the schools randomly. Instead, we have to select either one state or region and then go to all the schools from selected states and regions in order to produce the quality report to be good use for National Education Policy Reform. We have to mention clearly all the findings in the report. Most parents don’t understand well the current process of educational reform, so we have to educate them well to have more understanding on the current educational reform and we have to conduct the discussions more often for the parents.
U Kyaw Myint Oo further said the policy for KG +12 should be mentioned clearer in the report and the basic budget for the educational reform should be given to all the states and regions to some extent rather than in the Pyidaungsu level.
The National Education Policy Commission is an important body established by the National Education Law 2014 and the National Education Law Amendment 2015 to provide policies and education for the promotion of national development.